The knee joint is made up of the shin bone (tibia), the thigh bone (femur) and the kneecap (patella). It is stabilised by ligaments whilst powerful muscle groups such as the hamstrings and the quadriceps produce movement. As the knee is a major weight bearing joint it is often a source of pain due to wear and tear and is frequently injured during sports and active lifestyle activities.
- Always warm up/cool down and stretch thoroughly before taking part in any physical or sporting activity in order to reduce the risk of injury.
- Try to avoid long periods of crouching or kneeling as this puts significant pressure on the back of the kneecap which may lead to pain and joint dysfunction.
- Try to keep your body weight within normal limits for your height as this will help to alleviate some of the discomfort associated with arthritis of the weight bearing joints.