The upper arm bone (humerus) and the two forearm bones (radius and ulna) make up the elbow joint.
Bending/straightening of the elbow and turning the palm upwards/downwards are the movements produced by the two major muscle groups in the forearm which attach the bones either side of the elbow. Overuse of these is common and can be lead to symptoms of tennis or golfer's elbow.
- Always warm up/cool down and stretch thoroughly before taking part in any physical or sporting activity in order to reduce the risk of injury.
- If you play racket/club sports, always ensure that the hand grip is the correct size for you. If it's too small it can lead to the onset of conditions like tennis elbow.
- Try to avoid keeping your arms in one position for two long when working at a desk. Intersperse periods of keyboard work regularly with other tasks.
- Try to avoid prolonged periods of repetitive elbow movements which may lead to overuse injuries.